Imperial Cleaning

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He married his wife without the permission of her brothers [91]. His brother-in-law Carloman invaded Bavaria, and Odilo was forced to recognise Frankish suzerainty in The Annales Metenses record the death in of " dux Odilo " [92].

The Continuator of Fredegar names " Chiltrudis " as daughter of Charles "Martel", stating that her "wicked stepmother" incited her to joined Odilo of Bavaria whom she married without the permission of her brothers [94]. After the death of her husband, she was captured by Grifo who usurped the throne from her son [95]. After her son was restored, Hiltrude became regent in Bavaria during his minority. Tassilo deserted King Pepin in Aquitaine in , returning to Bavaria [].

The Salzburg Annals record that Tassilo subjugated Carinthia in []. He eventually surrendered to King Charles in and renewed his oath of vassalage []. He rebelled again in , making contacts with the Avars who attacked the Franks, but was obliged by the king to be tonsured []. Einhard names " Liutberga…filia Desiderii regis Langobardorum " as the wife of " Tassilonem ducem " []. The wife of " Tassilonis ducis " is called " filia Desiderii regis " by Einhard [].

Named as the wife of Duke Tassilo in the Royal Frankish Annals, which describe her as " his rancorous wife … a woman hateful to God ". She and her daughters became nuns when her husband was deprived of his duchy in []. The Salzburg Annals record that Tassilo baptised his son in Rome in , but do not name the son []. His father appointed him as joint Duke of Bavaria in He was tonsured with his father in , and became a monk in cloister of St Maximin The primary source which names Theotbert as son of Duke Tassilo has not so far been identified.

The primary source which refers to the two daughters of Duke Tassilo has not so far been identified. The following two individuals are referred to in primary sources as Markgrafen in Bavaria. The precise extent of their jurisdiction is not known, but the title implies rule over a "March".

King Carloman granted property " in pago Tonageuue in comitatu Engildeo " to the priest Iob by charter dated 3 Dec []. The Annales Fuldenses record that " Engildieo marchensis Baioariorum " was deprived of his honours in , and in his place that " Liutboldus nepos regis " was appointed []. His birth date is estimated from the estimated date of his [supposed] first marriage. Markgraf [ in Bavaria ]: The Annales Fuldenses record disputes between " duos fratres gentis Marahensium, Moymirum ac Zuentibaldum " in , which prompted Emperor Arnulf to send " marchiones suos, Liutboldum et Arbonum comitem " to Moravia to protect the Bavarians [].

It is possible that Luitpold ruled as Duke of Bohemia in , as shown by the charter dated 24 Jun under which " Hludowicus…rex " confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen in which among " fidelium nostrum " was listed " Luitpold dux Boemanorum " [] , although it is possible that " Boemanorum " was a copyist's error for " Baiorariorum " as this appears to be the only reference to Luitpold ruling in Bohemia. Regino records that " Liutbaldus dux occisus est " in fighting the Hungarians [].

There is no direct indication of a first marriage of Duke Luitpold. If this is correct, a marriage in between the widow of Duke Luitpold, then beyond child-bearing age, and Konrad I King of Germany would seem surprising. Her two marriages are confirmed by the Annales Alamannicorum which record the marriage in of " sororem [Erchangeri] Liupoldi relictam " with the king [].

Her second husband arranged their marriage in an unsuccessful attempt to ally himself with her brother and with Arnulf Duke of Bavaria []. The Salzburg Annals name " Liupoldus dux, pater Arnolfi ducis " []. His birth date range is estimated based on the likelihood that Arnulf must have been adult and established in his career when he was accepted as his father's successor in , but must be considered approximate.

Liutprand names " Bertaldus Bagoariorum dux " as brother of " Arnulfi ducis " []. It seems more likely that Berthold was the son of Duke Luitpold by his wife Kunigunde, bearing in mind that the latter's brother was also named Berthold. The Annalium Ratisponensium Supplementum records the death in of " Perchtoldus dux Noricorum " []. She founded the convent of Bergen. Still a minor on his father's death, he was passed over in the succession to Bavaria when Otto I King of Germany established his own brother Heinrich as Duke [].

Together, they expelled Bishop Pilgrim from Passau, but were besieged there, put on trial at Magdeburg in , and imprisoned []. Heinrich was restored as Duke of Carinthia as part of this settlement [].

The necrology of Fulda records the death in of " Heinrichus dux " []. The Altahense Annales record the death in of " Heinricus dux Karintanorum " []. He had the power to distribute bishoprics in his territory, although the right passed to the king of Germany on his death []. He was expelled from Bavaria by his stepfather Konrad I King of Germany in but soon returned []. A reaffirmation of his rule by the Bavarians in is recorded in the 12th century copies of the Salzburg Annals, which imply that he may have been appointed to rule as king in a wider German context, presumably as a rival to Heinrich I King of Germany [].

He submitted to King Heinrich in []. This charter appears to refer to Arnulf and his son, although it is surprising that Arnulf is not referred to with the title " dux ". The necrology of Fulda records the death in of " Arnolt dux " []. The name and origin of Duke Arnulf's wife are not known. Wegener [] speculates that she was of Friulia , daughter of Eberhard Duke of the March of Friulia [Unruochingi], ostensibly for onomastic reasons on the basis of the transmission of the names Eberhard and Judith into the family, used first for Duke Arnulf's children.

This daughter is, however, not listed among the children of Duke Eberhard set out in the cartulary of Cysoing abbey [] , although she may be identical to one of the unnamed daughters.

From a chronological point of view, it is unlikely that the wife of Arnulf Duke of Bavaria was the daughter of Duke Eberhard. The Annales ex Annalibus Ivravensibus Antiquis records that " Longobardi " accepted " Eparhardum filium Arnolfi ducis " as their lord in and that his father confirmed his succession in Bavaria in []. His birth date range is based on the assumption that he was adult when accepted as his father's heir in After Duke Eberhard defied him in some way, Otto I King of Germany invaded Bavaria twice in , deposed Eberhard and forced him into exile after the second expedition [].

The Annales Sangallenses record that " Adalbert filius Perehctoldi et Arnolfus filius Arnolfi ducis " were killed in []. He is named as son of Arnulf in 6 Feb []. He rebelled against Otto I King of Germany in , aiming to re-establish his family's position in Bavaria but was killed in the first siege of Regensburg [].

The name of Arnulf's wife is not known. The name of Berthold's wife is not known. Several points can be made about this theory. Firstly, it seems surprising that such an illustrious connection with the Luitpoldinger Dukes of Bavaria would not have been mentioned by the various contemporary sources which relate the early history of the Grafen von Diessen.

His last known mention is dated Another burst of activity fourteen years after this date, when he would have been in his sixties, would be surprising.

There is no record of his return to favour. It is therefore likely that his descendants if any fell into obscurity. Fourthly, it is surprising that Berthold von Reisensburg would not have been described as comes even in entries relating to the period after his disgrace, as he would presumably have continued to claim and use the title.

The wife of Graf Meginhard is shown by Wegener as the daughter of Pfalzgraf Arnulf but he quotes no primary source to support this assertion []. The Vita S Oudalrici names " Heremannum fratrem Arnolfi " when recording that he was captured in when returning from Ulrich Bishop of Augsburg [].

Widukind records the marriage of " filia ducis Arnulfi " to " dominus Heinricus " []. After the death of her husband, she was suspected of a relationship with Abraham Bishop of Freising but was exonerated by the Bishop, who sang the mass at her burial []. Duke of Lotharingia []. The rebels were captured at Passau in by the king's forces, deposed and banished []. Associate King of Germany, with his father, Crowned Emperor at Rome 2 Feb Duke of Swabia He was captured by Eberhard Duke of Franconia in and "held in chains".

He took part in a campaign of pillaging along the Rhine in , together with Eberhard ex-Duke of Franconia and Giselbert Duke of Lotharingia [Hainaut] []. He was expelled from Regensburg by his nephew Liudolf Duke of Swabia, during the course of the latter's rebellion against his father, but restored by his brother King Otto in [] [].

Abbess of Gandersheim , The Annales Einsidlenses record the death in of " Hadewig dux " []. Bruno's parentage is not known but it is possible that he was the son of Heinrich I Duke of Bavaria. Poppo's parentage is not known but it is possible that he was the son of Heinrich I Duke of Bavaria. Regino records the death of " Heinricus frater regis " in and that the king gave " cuius filius Heinrico…ducatum et marcam " []. He rebelled against his cousin Emperor Otto II in and attempted to seize the throne, but was captured and imprisoned at Ingelheim.

He escaped, after which Emperor Otto confiscated Bavaria from him in [], awarding it to his cousin Otto Duke of Swabia []. Ex-Duke Heinrich fled to Bohemia, taking refuge with Duke Boleslav who had supported his rebellion []. The rebels drove Bishop Pilgrim from Passau, where they were besieged by Emperor Otto's forces and captured []. He was released in [early ] after the accession of Otto III King of Germany, but conspired against him in an attempt to have himself elected king [].

He was restored as Duke of Bavaria as part of the terms of the settlement in [early ] []. Duke of Carinthia The necrology of Fulda records the death in of " Heiricus dux " []. Thietmar records the death of Duke Heinrich on 28 Aug at Gandersheim, and his burial there []. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "28 Aug" of " Heinricus dux " []. Her birth date range is estimated from her having given birth to her eldest son in [], which also suggests that she must have been King Conrad's daughter by his first marriage, although no direct proof has so far been found to indicate that this is correct.

It is not known why this report is repeated so frequently in other chronicles, for simple chronology demonstrates that it cannot be correct. She was exiled to Merseburg after the trial of her husband in []. Thietmar records the death of "our king's…mother…Gisela " on 21 Jul and her burial at Regensburg, dated to from the context []. The necrology of Merseburg records the death "21 Jul" of " domna Gisela mater Heinrici imperatoris " []. The necrology of Magdeburg records the death "21 Jul" of " Gisla filia Chuonradi regis " [].

The name of Duke Heinrich's mistress is not known. He is named as son of Duke Heinrich in the Annalista Saxo, when recording his coronation as king of Germany []. The necrology of Merseburg records "6 May" as " natalis dies heinrici imperatoris " [].

He challenged the succession in Italy of Arduino Marchese di Ivrea, who had been crowned as king of Italy at Pavia 15 Feb , and entered Trento in Spring to claim the throne himself. Heinrich was crowned king of Italy at Pavia 14 Apr He resigned the duchy of Bavaria, appointing his brother-in-law Henri Comte de Luxembourg as duke in , although he retook the title from Count Baudouin subsequently arranged an alliance with the emperor who, in , helped him install a new Bishop of Cambrai, enfeoffed him with the islands of Zeeland and, in , with Valenciennes.

He left Italy after destroying the town of Pavia in reprisal for a revolt which broke out there. He returned to Italy in Autumn , Arduino took refuge in one of his castles without fighting, and Heinrich was crowned Emperor at Rome 14 Feb The emperor invaded Flanders again in , supported by Robert King of France []. The Annalista Saxo names " domnam Cunigundam, felicis memorie virginem " as wife of Heinrich, specifying that she was sister of " Teoderici Metensi episcope et Heinrich postmodum ducis Bawarici " [].

There is little indication of the date of Kunigunde's marriage apart from Thietmar's references to her which show that they were already married when her husband was elected king []. She founded Kaufungen convent in The Annales Herbipolenses minores record the death in maybe a transcription error for rather than a date error of " sancta Kunegundis imperatoris " and her burial at Bamberg [].

Canonised 29 Mar Heinrich had [one possible illegitimate child by an unknown mistress]: Henrici Regis " donated property to " monasterio…Grassani " by charter dated 1 Oct " in castro Focario " [].

No other record has been found of him having any children, either legitimate or illegitimate. Unless this information is corroborated by other sources which might emerge, it is suggested that it should be treated with considerable caution. Wipo names " episcopus Bruno, frater Heinrici imperatories " []. Canon at Hildesheim cathedral. Bishop of Augsburg He founded St Moritz at Augsburg. Wipo, in his description of the election of Konrad II King of Germany in , says that Bruno's " [good] character …[was] obscured by the hate with which he opposed his brother " Emperor Heinrich [].

The Annalista Saxo states that " mater ipsius [Stephanus Ungariorum rex] Gisla " was sister of " Heinrici inperatoris Babenbergensis ", when recording her husband's death [] , but clearly the text misstates " mater " for " uxor ". The Gesta Hungarorum records that " Kysla regina " sent " comitem Sebus " to blind Vazul, whom her husband wished to appoint as his successor after the death of their son Imre, and have moulten lead poured into his ears [].

Bak suggests that Queen Gisela was blamed because of anti-German feeling in the Hungarian court []. After her husband died, she was robbed of her possessions by her husband's successor and left Hungary, becoming Abbess of Niedernburg.

He succeeded his father in as Prince of Hungary. The primary source which confirms her parentage has not so far been identified. Nun at St Paul's, Regensburg. Duke Heinrich II had one illegitimate son by Mistress 1: Thietmar records that the health of " Arnulf the king's brother…was seriously damaged by his own people who gave him a drink laced with poison " [].

Vogt of St Maximin at Trier. According to Gade, this was due to a dispute over the archbishopric of Trier to which Duke Heinrich was manoeuvring to appoint his brother Adalbert, Prior of St Paul's, the move being was opposed by King Heinrich who feared that too much power would accrue to the Luxembourg family []. Henri was reappointed Duke in , but lost the title after the death of Emperor Heinrich II in Thietmar records that " the empress…enthroned her brother Heinrich as duke of Bavaria " in [].

He lost the title after the election of King Konrad II in He succeeded his uncle as Comte de [Luxembourg] in as well as in his other properties in Moselgau and Bidgau []. The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death in of " Henrichus dux " []. Wipo names " Heinricus rex, filius imperatoris " when recording his first marriage in []. He was crowned Emperor at Rome 25 Dec Crowned Emperor at Rome 31 Mar He was deprived of the duchy in when the king installed his son as Duke.

The necrology of Fulda records the death in of " Cuono dux " []. The Annalista Saxo names " Otto dux de Northeim, genere Saxo, dux autem Bawarie " as son of " Bennonis de Northeim ", naming his mother in a later passage []. He was a vigorous opponent of King Heinrich, who accused him of an assassination plot, deposed him as Duke of Bavaria, confiscated his lands in the Harz area, and outlawed him in []. He allied himself with Magnus Billung Duke in Saxony, but was forced to submit to King Heinrich and placed in custody until , when all his crown fiefs were returned to him apart from the duchy of Bavaria [].

The Annalista Saxo names " Welfum seniorum " son of " Azoni marchioni de Langobardia de castris Calun et Estin " called " Welphus filius Azzonis marchionis Italorum " in an earlier passage [] and his wife " Cunizam " [].

After the death of his maternal uncle Welf III, he was summoned from Italy by his maternal grandmother to inherit the Welf family properties in Swabia and Bavaria [].

In , Welf IV was reconciled with the emperor, who regranted him the duchy of Bavaria []. He undertook an expedition to Italy after the death of his father in to assert his position in the inheritance over his half-brothers []. Albert of Aix records that " Willelmus comes et princeps Pictaviensium, de sanguine et origine Henrici tertii imperatoris Romanorum " crossed Hungary peacefully with " duce Bawariorum Welfone et…comitssa…Ida de marchia Osterrich ", entered the territory of the Bulgars in which " duce Bulgarorum Guz " refused their passage into Adrianople, but that Guillaume captured " ducem Bulgarorum " who was forced to allow the pilgrims to continue, undated but in a passage adjacent to text which records events in [].

Albert of Aix records that, after their army was dispersed in Asia Minor by the Turks, Duke Welf eventually reached Jerusalem to complete his pilgrimage but died in Cyprus on the return journey []. Ekkehard records the death of Welf Duke of Bavaria and his burial in Cyprus []. The necrology of Weingarten records the death " V Id Nov " of " Welf dux senior hic sepultus " [] , which suggests that his body was moved after its first burial in Cyprus.

According to Jordan, the first wife of Duke Welf I was " the descendant of an unknown Italian line " but he cites no primary source in support of the statement []. No other reference to this alleged first marriage has been found.

Her husband repudiated her after the disgrace of her father, whom Heinrich IV King of Germany deprived of the duchy of Bavaria []. She married secondly Hermann Graf von Calvelage. The Annales Stadenses refers to the four daughters of Otto, specifying that " tertia fuit uxor Hermanni de Calvela, que genuit Ottonem et Heinricum comites de Ravenesberch " without naming her [].

The Annalista Saxo names " Iudhita…amita Rodberti comitis de Flandria ex cognatione beati Ethmundi regis " as husband of " Haroldi " in error for Tostig but correctly names her second husband " Welphus filius Azzonis marchionis Italorum " []. Florence of Worcester says that Judith was "daughter of Baldwin Count of Flanders" but does not specify which Count Baldwin nor is this clear from the context []. Judith is also listed as the daughter of Count Baudouin V after Mathilde in a manuscript whose attribution to Orderic Vitalis is disputed, which also shows her first marriage [].

The date of her first marriage is confirmed by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle which records that "earl Godwine" fled after the Council of 9 Sep " with Tostig and his wife who was a kinswoman of Baldwin of Bruges " []. Judith moved to Denmark after her first husband was killed. The necrology of Raitenbuch records the death " III Non Mar " of " Iudinta regina Anglie, filia marchionis de Este uxor Welfonis nostri fundatoris " [] , exaggerating her status resulting from her first marriage and confusing her paternity.

The necrology of Weingarten records the death " III Non Mar " of " Judita dux regina Anglie " [] , also exaggerating her status resulting from her first marriage. A later passage names his mother and specifies that he was the older son and died childless []. He bore the title " dux et marchese " in a 27 Jun document at Mantua in which he is named before his wife []. He returned to Bavaria after separating from his wife in [].

He was a strong supporter of Emperor Heinrich V, accompanying him on many expeditions to Italy []. The Chronicon of Bernold records the marriage in of " dux Mathildis filia Bonifacii marchionis, sed vidua Gotefridi ducis " and " Welfoni duci filio Welfonis ducis " []. The Annales Cremonenses record the death in of " comitissa Matildis " [].

The Cronica of Sicardi Bishop of Cremona records the death in of " comitissa Matildis " and her burial " aput ecclesiam sancti Benedicti inter Padum et Lironem quam Teutaldus avus construxerat et Bonifacius pater eius ampliaverat " [].

On the death of his father-in-law in , he inherited extensive territories in Saxony around Lüneburg and in the Bardengau []. He initially supported the candidacy of his son-in-law Friedrich Duke of Swabia to succeed Emperor Heinrich V as King of Germany in , but eventually supported the election of Lothar von Süpplingenberg, presumably on the understanding of his son's marriage to Lothar's only daughter, which took place in []. The enmity of the Staufen family which this created was to have far-reaching consequences in Germany for the rest of the century.

Duke Heinrich became a monk at Weingarten shortly before his death []. The Historia Welforum records that Duke Heinrich became a monk shortly before he died " in castro Ravenspurch " []. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "12 Dec" of " Henricus dux " []. The necrology of Weingarten records the death " Id Dec " of " Heinricus dux et m n c …pater Welfonis, hic sepultus " [].

The Historia Welforum records that Wulfhild died at Altdorf " decimo sexton die post mortem mariti " and was buried " in monasterio sancti Martini " []. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "29 Dec" of " Wlfhild ducissa " [].

His father-in-law installed him as administrator of the lands previously held by Matilda of Tuscany, after conceding papal ownership of them in return for a usufruct []. He lost Saxony and Bavaria , but kept his territories in Braunschweig.

The Historia Welforum names in order " Counradum, Heinricum, Guelfonem " as the three sons of " Heinricus dux ex Wulfilde ", specifying that Konrad " in clericum ordinatus " and became a monk at " Clarevallense monasterium ", visited Jerusalem, and died on his return journey at Bari where he was buried [].

The Historia Welforum names in order " Iuditham, Sophiam, Mahtildem, Wulfildem " as the four daughters of " Heinricus dux ex Wulfilde ", specifying that Sophie married firstly " Bertoldus dux de Zaringen " and secondly " Leopaldus marchio de Stira " [].

The Genealogia Zaringorum names " Sophya soror Heinrici ducis Saxonie " as wife of " Berchtoldus ", specifying that they were childless and that she married secondly " comiti de Stire " []. She became a nun at Admont after her second husband died. A charter dated to [] exchanges of property between " Uuolfker sacerdos " and " domine Sophie marchionisse et filio eius Otacro marchioni " []. A charter dated 22 Feb , which records the foundation of Kloster Reun, lists donations by " domina Sophia marchionissa…cum filio marchione Otakro " for the souls of " filii ac filiarum Otakri…marchionis, Elisabeth ac Margarethe " [].

The Historia Welforum names in order " Iuditham, Sophiam, Mahtildem, Wulfildem " as the four daughters of " Heinricus dux ex Wulfilde ", specifying that Judith married " Friderico Suevorum duci " []. The Historia Welforum names in order " Iuditham, Sophiam, Mahtildem, Wulfildem " as the four daughters of " Heinricus dux ex Wulfilde ", specifying that Mathilde married firstly " Theopaldo filio Theopaldi marchionis de Voheburch " and secondly " Gebehardo de Sulzbach " [].

He founded Kloster Steingaden in Welf was heavily defeated at Flochberg near Nördlingen in Feb and reached a peace settlement with King Konrad in []. Vogt von Zwiefalten Short of money, Welf gradually returned his Italian lands to Emperor Friedrich I, and from ceased to use his Italian titles. She founded Kloster Allerheiligen in Duke of Spoleto He died of malaria while fighting on Emperor Friedrich I's Italian expedition of []. The Hugonis Ratisponensis Cronica records the death in of " Welfo filius Welfonis " during the emperor's Italian campaign [].

The Historia Welforum names in order " Iuditham, Sophiam, Mahtildem, Wulfildem " as the four daughters of " Heinricus dux ex Wulfilde ", specifying that Wulfhild married " Roudolfus Bregantinus comes " []. The Annalista Saxo names " Heinricum inclitum ducem Saxonie et Bawarie et Welfonem et quatuor filias " as the children of Duke Heinrich and his wife Wulfhild, specifying that " terciam nominee Wifhildem " married " Rodolfus comes de Bregence " [].

Nun at Wessobrunn Duke Heinrich had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1: Adalbert is unlikely to have been the legitimate son of Duke Heinrich IX as he is not named as such in other sources see above which appear to provide an exclusive list of the duke's children by his wife Wulfhild.

The Continuatio Claustroneoburgensis names " Liupoldus " third son of " Liupoldus marchio Austrie " and " Agnetem imperatoris Heinrici IV filiam ", specifying that he was made Duke of Bavaria and was buried " apud Sanctam Crucem " []. Pfalzgraf bei Rhein He was deprived of the duchy of Bavaria in by Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany in favour of the Welf Duke Heinrich "der Löwe", in order to terminate the German kings' longstanding dispute with the Welf family [].

He was created Duke of Austria 8 Sep at Regensburg. The Chronicon Schirense names " Otto palatinus comes " as brother of " Chounradus…Magentinus episcopus ", specifying that he was buried at Scheyern []. Graf von Wittelsbach Pfalzgraf von Wittelsbach 8 May Vogt of Freising Cathedral Vogt von Weihenstephan Graf im Kelsgau The Annales Schaftlarienses record the death of " Otto dux " in [].

The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. It is not certain that this refers to a daughter of Otto I Duke of Bavaria, as he is only one of several possible " palatini ". The necrology of Undensdorf records the death " Id Jan " of " Agnes filia palatini " []. The Kronik van Arent toe Bocop records that " Otto…grave van Gelre " married " des graven docter van Gullick…Richgerda " [] , which misstates her origin.

Her name is further confirmed by the charter dated under which her grandson " Otto…comes Gelrensis " names " avia mea domina Richardis…avi mei Ottonis comitis " []. Abbess of the Munster Abbey at Roermond.

The Chronicon Schirense names " Ludwicum…parvulum " as heir of " Otto palatinus comes " []. Wegener cites a source dated [20 Jul] which names Agnes as a widow with her son Ludwig []. Ludwig did not receive immediate imperial recognition of this new title: Ludwig was challenged as Pfalzgraf by Heinrich's father, formerly Pfalzgraf Heinrich I, who had given up the Pfalzgrafschaft in favour of his son.

The necrology of Seligenthal records the death " Non Aug " of " domina Ludemia ducissa fundatrix nostra " []. The necrology of Fürstenfeld records the death " Non Aug " of " Ludmilla avia fundatoris nostri " []. He continued as an active supporter of King Konrad after the election of Willem II Count of Holland as anti-king, although he was prevented from participating in the conflicts of Mar by threats against Bavaria by Wenzel I King of Bohemia [].

Duke Otto repulsed an attempted invasion of Bavaria by Siegfried Archbishop of Mainz whom he defeated at Nördlingen []. The Altahenses Annales name " Agnes ducissa Bawarie " when recording the birth of her son Ludwig [].

The Altahenses Annales record the marriage in of " Chunradus filius Friderici imperatoris " and " Elysabeth filiam Ottonis ducis Bawarie " []. Her first marriage was arranged by her future husband to gain Bavarian support against the papal party after his defeat at Frankfurt against Heinrich Raspe anti-King of Germany []. The Altahenses Annales record the second marriage " in octava sancti Mychaelis aput Monacum " of " Meinhardus comes Goricie " and " Elysabeth sororem Ludwici et Heinrici ducem Bawarie relictam Chunradi regis " [].

She founded Kloster Stams. The necrology of Stams records the death " VI Id Oct " of " domina Elizabeth regina prima fundatrix monasterii " []. After joint rule became unworkable, he and his brother agreed a division of the family's territories in , under which Ludwig became Duke of Upper Bavaria Oberbayern and Pfalzgraf bei Rhein. Rudolf I King of Germany appointed Duke Ludwig to preside over the implementation of his policy of return to the empire of all properties unlawfully appropriated since the deposition of Emperor Friedrich II in , promulgated at the Diet of Nürnburg 19 Nov [].

Duke Ludwig objected to his brother's claim to an electoral vote, confirmed in a 29 May agreement between the two designed to settle some of their differences []. The Oude Kronik van Brabant names in order " Mechtildim comitissam Atrebatensem et Sancti Pauli, Mariam comitissam palatinam Reni, Beatricem lantgraviam Thuringie postea comitissam Flandrie, et Margaretam sanctiomonialem, postea abbatissam in Valle Ducis " as the daughters of " Henricus secundus et quintus dux Brabancie " and his first wife Marie [].

The Annales Mellicenses in record that " Lodwicus Reni comes palatinus " had " Mariam uxorem suam, filiam ducis Brabancie " beheaded by her jailers " apud Werdam " []. The Continuatio Lambacensis clarifies that she was killed because of her adultery []. This betrothal was arranged to confirm Duke Ludwig's agreement to support the candidature of Richard Earl of Cornwall as king of Germany, her dowry being 12, marks [].

The Hermanni Altahenses Annales record that " …in vigilia Iohannis baptiste Rudolfus " captured " Mechtildem matrem suam, relictam Ludwici ducis…et Conradum de Oteling " at " castro Schilperg " and took them to Munich where Konrad von Oteling was beheaded " in die sancte Margarete…propter quondam infamiam " [].

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Es folgt ein mehrtägiger Albtraum. Mann, oh Mann Unser Autor liebt Männer. Sexpartner findet er leicht, aber seine letzte Beziehung ist zehn Jahre her. Er fragt sich, warum es oft so mühsam ist, schwul zu sein - und kommt auf überraschende Antworten.

Er erklärt, wie man jederzeit Glück finden kann.

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