Geography. Hamburg is at a sheltered natural harbour on the southern fanning-out of the Jutland Peninsula, between Continental Europe to the south and Scandinavia to the north, with the North Sea to the west and the Baltic Sea to the northeast. It is on the River Elbe at its confluence with the Alster and asbestos-awareness.cf city centre is around the Binnenalster ("Inner Alster") and Außenalster. PORT OF HAMBURG: Welcome to the official website of Germany's biggest seaport. Around 9, ship calls per year, almost berths and a total of 43 kilometers of quay for seagoing vessels, more than 2, freight trains per week, four state-of-the-art container terminals, three cruise terminals and around 50 facilities specialized in handling roro and breakbulk and all kinds of bulk cargoes. The destination for the global aircraft interiors industry. Aircraft Interiors Expo is the world’s leading event for airlines and the supply chain to source the latest innovations.